7 国際: 2016年12月アーカイブ
Authors: Yurina Otaki, Kazuhiro Ueda, Osamu Sakura Title: Effects of feedback about community water consumption on residential water conservation Journal(書誌情報）: Journal of Cleaner Production doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.12.051 論文URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652616321060 Abstract: This study was designed to investigate methods of promoting water conservation through feedback about the level of water consumption in the long term. Most previous studies have been conducted in areas where water resources are under stress, whereas as this study was conducted in the Tokyo commuting area, where there is little worry about a water shortage. Three types of feedback about the level of water consumption in their community were provided to water users. These included actual mean consumption, consumption rank, and emoticons with written information. Feedback was sent once every two weeks during a 24-week period. Two hundreds and forty-six participants were randomly sampled from survey monitors in the Tokyo commuting area. The results indicated that effective feedback information differed for high and low water consumers. Water use in high consumers decreased when they received emoticons, whereas that in low consumers decreased when they saw that their use had decreased. Consumption in low water users did not increase even when they were notified that their consumption was relatively small. In addition, information about mean water consumption is only effective under conditions of water scarcity. In the future, the amount of regional water resources should be considered in selecting the survey area. 著者Contact先の ueda＠gregorio.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp(＠ を @に置き換えてください） 日本語によるコメント（オプション，200-300字で） 顔文字を含めた，どのような提示方法によるフィードバックが環境配慮行動（節水行 動）を促進するのかを，実験心理学的な手法で長期間（24週）にわたって調査した論 文です。
Authors: Matsuo, K., & Miura, H.
Title: Effectiveness of the Self-Administered Interview and Drawing Pictures for Eliciting Eyewitness Memories
Journal(書誌情報）: Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
Abstract:The Self-Administered Interview (SAI) is a tool that is used to obtain eyewitness memories. Adopting the techniques of the cognitive interview (CI), the SAI was developed in the form of a booklet consisting of several parts. The unique aspect of the SAI is a sketch section that asks eyewitnesses to describe the context of an incident by drawing pictures. This study investigates the effectiveness of the SAI by focusing on the effect of the sketch on memory recall. Participants (n D 180) watched a crime video and recalled events in a 3 (recall method: SAI, CI, free recall [FR]) £ 2 (delay: immediate, one week) between-subjects design. The results showed no significant difference among recall methods when the information from the sketch was excluded. When the sketch information was included, the SAI gained better results than the CI and FR in terms of memory recall. In addition, memory performance was better for the immediate SAI compared with the delayed CI. The practical implications of the SAI are discussed.
著者Contact先のemail:kayomatsuo55＠gmail.com（松尾加代) ;hiroshi9＠f7.dion.ne.jp （三浦大志）(＠ を @に置き換えてください）