Authors: Sachio Otsuka, Megumi Nishiyama, Fumitaka Nakahara, & Jun
Kawaguchi(大塚幸生・西山めぐみ・中原史隆・川口 潤)
Title: Visual statistical learning based on the perceptual and semantic
information of objects
Journal(書誌情報): Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning,
Memory, and Cognition, 39(1), 196-207, 2013.
doi: 10.1037/a0028645
Abstract: Five experiments examined what is learned based on the
perceptual and semantic information of objects in visual statistical
learning (VSL). In the familiarization phase, participants viewed a
sequence of line drawings and detected repetitions of various objects.
In a subsequent test phase, they watched 2 test sequences (statistically
related triplets vs. unrelated foils) and decided whether the first or
second sequence was more familiar based on the familiarization phase. In
Experiment 1A, the test sequences comprised line drawings; in Experiment
1B, they comprised word stimuli representing each line drawing. The
results showed that performance for statistically related triplets was
greater than chance. In Experiments 2 and 3 containing the forward ABC
and backward CBA triplets in the test, the results showed the importance
of temporal order, especially in line drawings. In Experiment 4, in
which the forward triplets were pitted against the backward triplets, we
showed that temporal order is still important for the expression of VSL
with word stimuli. Finally, in Experiment 5, we replicated the results
of Experiments 2 and 3 even with the images of visual objects. These
results suggest the parallel processes on the visual features and
semantic information of objects in VSL.
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