Authors: Hiroshi Miura and Yuji Itoh (三浦大志・伊東裕司)

Title: The revelation effect occurs whether or not working memory is

Journal(書誌情報):Psychology, 9, 204-216.

doi: 10.4236/psych.2018.91013


Abstract: The revelation effect is a phenomenon wherein performing a
cognitive task before a recognition judgment induces “old” responses. One
of the theories for the occurrence mechanism of the revelation effect is the
criterion shift account (Niewiadomski & Hockley, 2001). This account
explains that because working memory is occupied when people solve a
cognitive task, they adopt a more liberal criterion for recognition
judgments immediately after a cognitive task than those with no preceding
cognitive task. However, no studies of the revelation effect in which
manipulation of working memory was intended have been conducted. We examined
whether working memory load and capacity are related to the revelation
effect. The results showed that neither the occurrence of the revelation
effect nor its degree was affected by working memory load or capacity. As
the results suggest that working memory is not related to the revelation
effect, a partially or entirely alternative account that can explain the
revelation effect is needed.

著者Contact先の email: hiroshi9[at] ([at] を@に置き換えてください)