Authors: Kiyofumi Miyoshi & Hiroshi Ashida

Title: Attentional cueing induces false memory

Journal(書誌情報): Consciousness and Cognition, 43, 66-74

doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.05.006


Abstract: The fluency of stimulus processing significantly contributes to
recognition memory judgments. We investigated the effect of processing
fluency induced by attentional cueing on recognition judgments.
Participants performed a Remember/Know recognition test, while their
spatial attention was manipulated in the test session. Stimulus location
was either predicted (congruent condition) or unpredicted (incongruent
condition) using an arrow cue. The results revealed that familiarity-based
false recognition increased in the incongruent condition wherein the
participants may have attributed part of the perceived disfluency to the
attentional cue, and they may have overestimated the fluency for the
stimulus, leading to increased false recognition. However, in the congruent
condition, the participants may have attributed some parts of the perceived
fluency to the attentional cue and underestimated the fluency for the
stimulus, leading to decreased false recognition. In sum,
stimulus-irrelevant attentional cueing induces unintentional processing
about the source of fluency and biases recognition memory.

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