Authors: Morishima, Y.
Title: Elaborations for the Validation of Causal Bridging Inferences in
Text Comprehension.
Journal(書誌情報):  Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, July, 2015 (‘Online
First’ version)
doi: 10.1007/s10936-015-9387-x
The validation model of causal bridging inferences proposed by Singer and
colleagues (e.g., Singer in Can J Exp Psychol, 47(2):340-359, 1993) claims
that before a causal bridging inference is accepted, it must be validated
by existing knowledge. For example, to understand “Dorothy took the
aspirins. Her pain went away,” one first computes a mediating idea RELIEVE
[ASPIRIN, PAIN]. Then, the truth of it is validated on the basis of
existing knowledge. The present study examined the hypothesis that a causal
inference would be drawn and validated even when validating knowledge is
not familiar or available because elaborations are made to retrieve or
construct such knowledge. Experiment 1 showed that people tend to judge
naturalness of a text based on causal relations and that causality was
indeed recognized in those texts in which the antecedent sentence and the
consequence sentence are not linked by familiar knowledge. Experiment 2,
which measured sentence reading times, showed that while sentence
processing times were longer for such texts than texts involving familiar
knowledge, there was no difference between these texts in reading the
subsequent sentence describing the validating idea. These results provided
evidence supporting elaboration as well as validation of causal bridging

著者Contact先の email: morishima[at]